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  • Fungi as Bioremediators (Soil Biology)

    Fungi as Bioremediators (Soil Biology)
    Published: 2013-02-06 | ISBN: 3642338100 | PDF | 500 pages | 3 MB

    Biological remediation methods have been successfully used to treat polluted soils. While bacteria have produced good results in bioremediation for quite some time now, the use of fungi to decontaminate soils has only recently been established. This volume of Soil Biology discusses the potentials of filamentous fungi in bioremediation. Fungi suitable for degradation, as well as genetically modified organisms, their biochemistry, enzymology, and practical applications are described. Chapters include topics such as pesticide removal, fungal wood decay processes, remediation of soils contaminated with heavy and radioactive metals, of paper and cardboard industrial wastes, and of petroleum pollutants.
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  • Rectal Cancer: New Frontiers in Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation

    Rectal Cancer: New Frontiers in Diagnosis, Treatment and Rehabilitation
    Published: 2005-10-17 | ISBN: 8847003423 | PDF | 256 pages | 6 MB

    Despite lifestyle improvements, the incidence of rectal cancer is increasing in industrialised countries. Rapid advances in technology, growing knowledge of the biological history of the disease and closer attention to patients' quality of life after surgery have led to a less invasive approach. In the last 15 years, the surgical approach has shifted from extended resection to sphincter-saving procedures, featuring a multidisciplinary approach and a high level of specialisation. The experienced surgeon can plan and choose the "right treatment for the right patient" only with the support of the radiologist, endoscopist and pathologist (preoperative staging), oncologist and radiotherapist (neoadjuvant therapy), and psychologist and stomatherapist (rehabilitation). In addition, the difficult problems of salvage procedure and the reconstruction of anal sphincter after abdominal resection are explored.
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  • Partial Differential Equations through Examples and Exercises

    Partial Differential Equations through Examples and Exercises
    Published: 1997-10-31 | ISBN: 9401063494 | PDF | 404 pages | 15 MB

    This book examines the complicated subject of Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). It involves the reader throughout by presenting theory, examples and exercises together.
    Both the classical and abstract aspects of the theory are dealt with, so that, for example, classical and generalised solutions in Sobolev and distribution spaces are treated. Most of the work is devoted to second or higher order PDEs; part of the distribution theory is included, covering Dirac's delta distribution delta function.
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  • Physical and Physiological Forest Ecology

    Physical and Physiological Forest Ecology
    Published: 2012-12-23 | ISBN: 940075602X | PDF | 576 pages | 10 MB

    This important contribution is the result of decades of theoretical thinking and high-value data collection by the University of Helsinki examining forest ecosystems in great detail. The ecology is dominated by a qualitative approach, e.g. species and vegetation zones, but in contrast quantitative thinking is characteristic in the exact sciences of physics and physiology. The editors have bridged the gap between ecology and the exact sciences with an interdisciplinary and quantitative approach.
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  • A Healing Grove: African Tree Remedies and Rituals for the Body and Spirit

    A Healing Grove: African Tree Remedies and Rituals for the Body and Spirit
    Published: 2009-08-01 | ISBN: 1556527640 | PDF | 368 pages | 7 MB

    Reclaiming traditions based on plants and herbs has never been more important than it is today. Widespread use of chemicals, hormones, and additives introduce unknown substances into our bodies. On a larger scale, our future on the planet depends on our ability and willingness to incorporate earth-friendly practices into daily life. Where better to look for natural remedies and soothing rituals than Africa? It is, after all, the Mother Continent, allegedly the birthplace of the entire human race, and the keeper of ancient earth knowledge.
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  • Multi-Objective Optimization in Physical Synthesis of Integrated Circuits

    Multi-Objective Optimization in Physical Synthesis of Integrated Circuits
    Published: 2012-08-08 | ISBN: 1461413559 | PDF | 159 pages | 4 MB

    This book introduces techniques that advance the capabilities and strength of modern software tools for physical synthesis, with the ultimate goal to improve the quality of leading-edge semiconductor products. It provides a comprehensive introduction to physical synthesis and takes the reader methodically from first principles through state-of-the-art optimizations used in cutting edge industrial tools. It explains how to integrate chip optimizations in novel ways to create powerful circuit transformations that help satisfy performance requirements.
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  • Econophysics of Systemic Risk and Network Dynamics

    Econophysics of Systemic Risk and Network Dynamics
    Published: 2012-08-06 | ISBN: 8847025524 | PDF | 298 pages | 7 MB

    The primary goal of the book is to present the ideas and research findings of active researchers such as physicists, economists, mathematicians and financial engineers working in the field of “Econophysics,” who have undertaken the task of modeling and analyzing systemic risk, network dynamics and other topics.
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  • Biophysics for Therapeutic Protein Development

    Biophysics for Therapeutic Protein Development
    Published: 2013-02-23 | ISBN: 1461443156 | PDF | 302 pages | 5 MB

    This book can be used to provide insight into this important application of biophysics for those who are planning a career in protein therapeutic development, and for those outside this area who are interested in understanding it better. The initial chapters describe the underlying theory, and strengths and weaknesses of the different techniques commonly used during therapeutic development. The majority of the chapters discuss the applications of these techniques, including case studies, across the product lifecycle from early discovery, where the focus is on identifying targets, and screening for potential drug product candidates, through expression and purification, large scale production, formulation development, lot-to-lot comparability studies, and commercial support including investigations.
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  • Machina Carnis: The Biochemistry of Muscular Contraction in its Historical Development

    Machina Carnis: The Biochemistry of Muscular Contraction in its Historical Development
    Published: 1972-01-28 | ISBN: 0521079748, 0521112672 | PDF | 798 pages | 30 MB

    Originally published in 1971, this is an account of the centuries of experiment and speculation that have led to our understanding of how muscles work. The book traces all the developments in the field since 1600 and devotes special attention to the breakthroughs made in the last century. It considers the nature of the muscle machine and its fuel, as well as the intricate regulation of energy supply under different conditions. It also examines the very varied kinds of muscle and the effects of some diseases on their structure and function. Finally it shows how the energy metabolism first elucidated for the mechanical work of muscle has been found to explain most of the other kinds of work done by cells, as in light production, secretion, ionic transport and electrical discharge. The biochemistry of muscle, carbohydrate metabolism and phosphorylations was the author's chosen field of research for over forty years.
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  • Biophysical approaches to translational control of gene expression (Biophysics for the Life Sciences)

    Biophysical approaches to translational control of gene expression (Biophysics for the Life Sciences)
    Published: 2012-09-20 | ISBN: 1461439906 | PDF | 329 pages | 6 MB

    When quantum mechanics was first proposed a century ago, nobody could have anticipated how deeply it would affect our lives. Today, we are connected and powered through devices whose existence is predicated on the basic principles of this strange physics. Not even the biological sciences have escaped its reach. As scientists query the deepest mysteries of the living world, the physical scales probed and the types of questions asked are increasingly blurring the lines between biology and physics. The hybrid field of biophysics represents the new frontier of the 21st century. The ribosome has been at the heart of three Nobel Prizes. Understanding its essential nature and how it interacts with other proteins and nucleic acids to control protein synthesis has been one of the central foundations in our understanding of the biology at the molecular level. With the advent of atomic scale structures, methods to visualize and separate individual molecules, and the computational power to model the complex interactions of over a million atoms at once, our understanding of how gene expression is controlled at the level of protein translation is now deeply ensconced in the biophysical realm. This book provides a premier resource to a wide audience, whether it be the general reader seeking a broad view of the field, a clinician interested in the role of protein translation in human disease, the bench researcher looking for state-of-the-art technologies, or computational scientists involved in cutting edge molecular modeling.
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  • Biodiversity of West African Forests: An Ecological Atlas of Woody Plant Species

    Biodiversity of West African Forests: An Ecological Atlas of Woody Plant Species
    Published: 2004-01-24 | ISBN: 0851997341 | PDF | 528 pages | 66 MB

    The rain forests of West Africa have been designated as one of the world's hotspots of biodiversity. They extend from Ghana to Senegal and are referred to as the Upper Guinean forests. Because of their isolated position, they harbour a large number of rare and endemic animal and plant species.This book focuses on the biodiversity and ecology of these forests. It analyses the factors that give rise to biodiversity and structure tropical plant communities. It also includes an atlas with ecological profiles of rare plant species and large timber species.
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  • Disorders of the Human Adrenal Cortex (Endocrine Development)

    Disorders of the Human Adrenal Cortex (Endocrine Development)
    Published: 2008-07-15 | ISBN: 3805585802 | PDF | 163 pages | 3 MB

    Substantial further advances in our understanding of adrenal development, steroid biosynthesis and adrenocortical disorders necessitate another look at this small but complex organ. In this volume, leaders in the fields of adrenal development, biochemistry and genetics review the most recent findings from bench and bedside research. New aspects of adrenal development and zonation and the novel >backdoor' pathway to androgen synthesis are discussed. P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (a newly described form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia) and long-term outcome of prenatal treatment of 21-hydroxylase deficiency are examined. An update on ACTH resistance and adrenal Cushing's syndrome is provided. Finally, the role of adrenal steroidogenesis in arterial hypertension and fetal programming of adrenal androgen excess as a possible explanation for polycystic ovary syndrome in later life are analyzed. This book will be of great interest to pediatric, adult and reproductive endocrinologists, clinical geneticists, developmental biologists and basic scientists working in the fields of endocrinology and steroidogenesis.
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  • Fission Dynamics of Atomic Clusters and Nuclei

    Fission Dynamics of Atomic Clusters and Nuclei
    Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company | 2001-12-15 | ISBN: 9810246951 | Pages: 400 | PDF | 13.5 MB

    In this volume, the main results of the last 60 years of research in nuclear fission are summarized, showing how ideas advanced from the beginning, for nuclei have also found useful applications in the new area of atomic clusters. The present status of the physics of fission is discussed in depth, and perspectives for further research are outlined.
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  • Clusters in Nuclei: Volume 1 (Lecture Notes in Physics)

    Clusters in Nuclei: Volume 1 (Lecture Notes in Physics)
    Springer | 2010 | ISBN: 3642138985 | 315 pages | PDF | 6,5 MB

    Following the pioneering discovery of alpha clustering and of molecular resonances, the field of nuclear clustering is presently one of the domains of heavy-ion nuclear physics facing both the greatest challenges and opportunities. After many summer schools and workshops, in particular over the last decade, the community of nuclear molecular physics decided to team up in producing a comprehensive collection of lectures and tutorial reviews covering the field. This first volume, gathering seven extensive lectures, covers the follow topics: * Cluster Radioactivity * Cluster States and Mean Field Theories * Alpha Clustering and Alpha Condensates * Clustering in Neutron-rich Nuclei * Di-neutron Clustering * Collective Clusterization in Nuclei * Giant Nuclear Molecules By promoting new ideas and developments while retaining a pedagogical nature of presentation throughout, these lectures will both serve as a reference and as advanced teaching material for future courses and schools in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics.
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  • Clusters in Nuclei, Volume 2 (Lecture Notes in Physics)

    Clusters in Nuclei, Volume 2 (Lecture Notes in Physics)
    Published: 2012-02-15 | ISBN: 3642247067 | PDF | 368 pages | 10 MB

    Following the pioneering discovery of alpha clustering and of molecular resonances, the field of nuclear clustering is today one of those domains of heavy-ion nuclear physics that faces the greatest challenges, yet also contains the greatest opportunities. After many summer schools and workshops, in particular over the last decade, the community of nuclear molecular physicists has decided to collaborate in producing a comprehensive collection of lectures and tutorial reviews covering the field. This second volume follows the successful Lect. Notes Phys. 818 (Vol.1), and comprises six extensive lectures covering the following topics: Microscopic cluster models Neutron halo and break-up reactions Break-up reaction models for two- and three-cluster projectiles Clustering effects within the di-nuclear model Nuclear alpha-particle condensates Clusters in nuclei: experimental perspectives By promoting new ideas and developments while retaining a pedagogical style of presentation throughout, these lectures will serve as both a reference and an advanced teaching manual for future courses and schools in the fields of nuclear physics and nuclear astrophysics.
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